In Experience on November 22, 2011 by Vella

1. Initial MD
Termasuk dalam area: Blind area.
Dalam situaisi ini MD terlalu banyak membicarakan tentang dirinya. Sehingga MD hanya memberi informasi tentang dirinya tanpa mendapat informasi lebih dari orang yang diajak bicara.
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2. Initial AM
Termasuk dalam area: Private area
Dalam situasi ini AM lebih suka mendengarkan obrolan dari lawan bicara dan terkadang hanya bertanya sesekali untuk memperoleh informasi dari lawan bicaranya tentang info perkuliahan.
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3. Initial AIP
Termasuk dalam area: Hidden Area
Dalam situasi ini saya mengamati AIP, AIP lebih terlihat diam dan hanya diam meskipun teman-teman yang lain berbicara tentang bayak hal soal perkuliahan. Bartanya juga tidak AIP hanya diam saja.
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4. Initial IDA
Termasuk dalam area: Private Area
Dalam situasi ini AM lebih suka mendengarkan obrolan dari lawan bicara dan terkadang hanya bertanya sesekali untuk memperoleh informasi dari lawan bicaranya. Situasi ini terjadi dalam lingkungan kost.
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5. Initial YG
Termasuk dalam area: Public Area
YG terkesan ketika dalam suatu forum pembicaraan YG juga memberikan informasi tapi YG juga memperoleh informasi dari hasil forum pembiraan itu.
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tugas dramaku…

In Experience on June 30, 2011 by Vella


A 320 080 029


The Zoo Story


  1. The Characters of the Zoo Story
    1. Jerry is a man in his late thirties, not poorly dressed, but carelessly.
      What was once a trim and lightly muscled body has begun to go fat and while he is no longer handsome, it’s evident that he once was.
      He fall from physical grace should not be suggest debauchery, he has to
      come closest to it. It’s a great weariness.
    2. Peter is a man in his early forties, he’s neither handsome nor homely, neither fat nor gaunt. He is wearing tweeds, smokes a pipe, carry
      horn-rimmed glasses. Although he is moving into middles age, his
      dress and manner would suggest a younger man


  1. The Synopsis of the story

The man with named Peter, a complacent publishing executive of middles age and upper-middle income, is comfortable to reading a book on his favorite bench in New York’s Central Park on a sunny afternoon. Along comes Jerry, an aggressive man, seedy, erratic loner. Jerry announces that he has been to the (Central Park) Zoo and eventually gets Peter, who clearly would rather be left alone, to put down his book and actually enter into a conversation. With pushy questions, Jerry learns that Peter lives on the fashionable East Side of the Park (they are near Fifth Avenue and 74th Street), that the firm for which he works published textbooks, and that his household is female-dominated; one wife, two daughters, two cats, and two parakeets. Jerry easily guesses that Peter would rather have a dog than cats and that he wishes he had a son. More perceptively, Jerry guesses that there is no more children, and that decision was made by Peter’s wife. Ruefully, Peter admits the truth of these guesses.

The catalyst for the shocking ending transpires when Peter announces, he’s really must be going home. And then Jerry give a response, begins to tickle Peter. Peter giggles laughs and agrees to listen Jerry finish telling happened at the zoo. At the same time Jerry begins pushing Peter off the bench. Peter decides to fight for his territory on the bench and becomes angry. Unexpectedly, Jerry pulls a knife on Peter, and then drops it as an initiative for Peter to grab. When Peter holds the knife defensively, Jerry charges him and impales himself on the knife. Bleeding on the park bench, Jerry finishes his zoo story by bring it into the immediate present, “Could I have planned all this. No… no, I couldn’t have. But I think I did.” Horrified, Peter runs away from Jerry whose dying words, “Oh…my…God”.

The subjects of the Zoo and Jerry’s visit to it, comes up several times, at one of that Jerry says mysteriously, “You’ll read about it in the papers tomorrow, if you don’t see it on your TV tonight.” The play never completely clarifies this remark. Some critics think, because of statements Jerry makes about the animals, that he may have released some from their cages, while others think Jerry is talking about a death which has not yet happened, which might be headlined “Murder Near Central Park Zoo.”


  1. The message of the story

It can be seen that there is different social class between Jerry and Peter. We can learns about life value which is multi leveled plays dealing with issues of human isolation, loneliness, class differences, and the dangers of inaction within American society. It focuses on the need for people to acknowledge and understand each others differences.

  1. The kind of the story

This story is classified as “man vs. society”, because the conflict arises because of Jerry with his bad behavior which is caused of his social life condition.



























A 320 080 029


The Proposal

  1. Characters and characterization:

a. Stepan Stepanovich Chubukov: 70 years old, a landowner.
b. Natalya Stepanovna: Chubukov’s daughter, 25 years old.
c. Ivan Vassilevitch Lomov: 35 years old, a neighbour of Chubukov, a            large and hearty, but very suspicious landowner.


  1. Plot

Ivan Vassileyitch Lomov, a long-time neighbor of Stepan Stepanovich Chubukov, has come to propose marriage to Chubukov’s 25-years-old daughter, Natalia. After he has asked and received joyful permission to marry Natalia, she is invited into the room, and he tries to convey the proposal to Natalia. Lomov is a hypochondriac, and while he trying to make clear his reasons for being there, he gets into an argument with Natalia about The Oxen Meadows, a disputed piece of land between their respective properties, which results in him having “palpitations” and numbness in his leg. After her father notices they are arguing, he joins in, and then sends Ivan out of the house. While Stepan rants about Lomov, he expresses his shock that “this fool dares to make you (Natalia) a proposal of marriage!” This news she immediately starts into hysterics, begging for her father to bring him to back. He does, and Natalia and Ivan get into a second big argument, this time about the superiority of their respective hunting dogs, Otkatai and Ugadi. Ivan collapses from his exhaustion over arguing, and father and daughter fear he’s died. However, after a few minutes he regains consciousness, and Chubukov all but forces him and his daughter to accept the proposal with a kiss. Immediately following the kiss, the couple gets into another argument.

  1. Setting
    1. Setting of place: In Chubukov’s house.
    2. Setting of time: In the past time


  1. Theme

The farce explores the process of getting married and could be read as a satire on the upper middle class and courtship.
The play points out the struggle to balance the economic necessities of marriage and what the characters themselves actually want. It shows the characters desperation for marriage as comical.
In Chekhov’s Russia, marriage was a mean of economic stability for most people. They married to gain wealth and possessions or to satisfy social pressure. The satire is conveyed the successfully by emphasizing the couple’s foolish arguments over small things. The main arguments in the play revolve around The Oxen Meadows and two dogs called Ugadi and Otkatai.

  1. The Conclusion

In Chekhov’s Russia, marriage was a means of economic stability for most people. They married to gain wealth and possessions. In this play, the concept of marriage is being satirized to show the real purpose of marriage – materialistic gain rather than true love.
Thus, first, it assumes that there is such a thing as true love and that it is a conception based on the idea that two people are literally meant for each other. Second, it states that these two people, though meant for each other, may have to endure a good deal before they can actually achieve the love they feel.

6. Kinds of text

This is classified as a man vs. society drama because in the proposal drama there are some conflicts among its characters. Moreover in this drama there is no natural event.



analysis the zoo story…

In Experience on June 22, 2011 by Vella

Nama : Vella Ariska

Nim     : A320080013

Class    : A

The analysis of “The Zoo”
1. Character and Characterization are;
    a. Peter :
        He is handsome. He is a man in early forties. He is polite. He is serious person.
        He is married. He has two daughters, two cats, two parakeets.
        He lives in 74th Street, east side of Manhattan.
        He works in a small publishing house.
    b. Jerry :
        He is a man in late thirties. He is dominating.
        He is verbally aggressive. He is ironical.
        He lives in the west side of Manhattan; lives in poor neighborhood.
2. Setting;
    In the Central Park.
    At Sunday afternoon in summer.
    There are two benches.
3. Plot;

    Peter sit down and read in a park bench in New York city; Central Park. Jerry met him and force to listen the stories of his life include “The story of Jerry and the Dog” and the reason behind his visiting to the Zoo.

    When Pete wants to going home, Jerry begin to tickle Peter. Peter laugh and agree to listen Jerry until finish telling “What happen at the Zoo?” At the same time, Jerry began to pushing Peter of the bench. Peter decides to fight for his territory on the bench and became angry. Unexpectedly, Jerry pull a knife on Peter, the drop it as initiative for Peter to grab. When Pete holds the knife defensively, Jerry charges him and impales himself on the knife.

4. Point of view;

    This story used third person narrator.

    Because of the narrator did not introduce himself as a character, so it belongs to Non-Participant.

5. Style;

    * The grammatical structure:

       It is standard; the story is including narration and dialogue between utterance and the manner of player.

    * The sentence construction:

       It is long and short of sentences construction, dialogue and narration is long and short sentences.

    * The symbol is the zoo that has meaning:

       The animal lives alone in the cage; people live in isolation.

       There is similarity between animal in the zoo and human being live in communicates with one another.

       Life is a kind of zoo
       The zoo is a microcosm of real life.
6. Theme;
    Isolation and lack of communication are important problem; everybody needs someone to talk each other.


assigment drama the proposal

In Experience on June 22, 2011 by Vella

Nama: Vella ariska

Nim   : A320080013

Class : A

The analysis of “THE PROPOSAL”

The third assignment
The analysis of “THE PROPOSAL”
The element structure of drama “THE PROPOSAL”
1. The characters and characterization:
     – Stepan Stepanovitchi Chubukov = a landowner. He is talk active and proud to his wealth.
     – Natalya Stepanova = 25 years old. Chubukov’s daughter. She is talk active and hard in thought
     – Van vassiletich Lomov = a neighbor of Chubukov. He is a polite and hold in principle.
2. Setting
    The setting of place in Chubukov’s country side especially in his house at 1916.
3. Point of view
    The point of view is third person because the narrator is not belongs to the story.
    It means that the narrator i out of the story.
4. Theme
    It is better to you speech to the point of your purpose to avoid something bad moment happened to you.
    Don’t proud to much to yourself in front of other people especially to your candidate wife.
5. Style
    The style of the drama is consist of utterances of the players and the text is long narration.
6. Plot
    The plot : Lomov visited to his neighbor; Chubukov’s house. The purpose of the visiting is making proposal in marriage to Natalya Stepanova. Lomov came with special great dressing and tell a history about his wealth to proof that he is a good candidate con- in law so Natalya would be happy in the future. But in the middle of speech, they are arguing about the owner of land in one place. Then, Lomov feel sick in his heart and decide to left Natalya and Chubukov. Lomov realize what the happen and disappointed.
In the second time Lomov came against tried to making proposal to Natalya. But, arguing happened against. It was not about land owner; about Guess and  Quiezzer. Whose dog is the most great? In this time, Lomov fall down and did not wake up. He was died. Realize the situation Natalya and Chubukov are worried. They did not believe that Lomov was die without acceptable the proposal merriage.




Tugas Drama Death of Salesman

In Experience on May 20, 2011 by Vella


Nim   : A320080013

Class : A


Structural Elements

  1. Narrative elements:

1.  Character and Characterization

  1. Protagonist: Willy Loman
    1. Antagonist: In a broad sense, competitive America society, represented in part by Howard Wagner; in a narrow sense, Willy’s combative son Biff.
  • Willy Loman: An aging salesman haunted by a feeling that his life has been a failure. He hallucinates about past events. These hallucinations center on his dreams for a better tomorrow; on the future of his son, Biff, a star football player; and on a woman with whom he had an affair while on a sales trip. During his hallucinations, he sometimes talks to himself.
  • Linda: Willy’s loyal wife. She accepts her role as a devoted and subservient housewife.
  • Biff Willy’s older son, who has trouble holding a job and getting along with his father. After he returns home from the West, his presence and his failure to get a job exasperate Willy.
  • Hap: Willy’s younger son, who has a steady job but is afraid to take risks to better himself
  • Charley: Successful businessman who lives next door to Willy. Willy envies him because he is a constant reminder of what Willy is not. Willy snidely says Charley “is liked, but not well liked.” Nevertheless, Charley lends Willy money and even offers him a job.
  • Bernard: Charley’s son. He is intelligent, hard-working, and successful–everything Biff Loman is not.
  • Ben: Willy’s deceased older brother, who appears only in Willy’s hallucinations. He struck it rich at an early age in South African diamond mines. He symbolizes the success that has eluded Willy.
  • Howard Wagner: The son of Willy’s former boss, Frank Wagner, whom Willy admired. Howard, who is now Willy’s boss, represents a new breed of business executive, interested more in advancing technology than people. He fires Willy because of his inability to perform satisfactorily.
  • Stanley: A waiter at a bar/restaurant where Willy meets his sons.
  • The Woman: An employee of a Boston company who has an affair with Willy. She is one of the subjects of his hallucinations.
  • Miss Forsythe and Letta:  Attractive young women whom Hap and Biff meet in the bar/restaurant
  • Jenny Charley’s secretary

2.  Plot

  1. Traveling salesman Willy Loman arrives home later than expected one evening after a car trip through New England. When his wife, Linda, greets him, he tells her that he was delayed because his car kept swerving and he had to drive slowly. Linda is deeply concerned, for he has been in a series of accidents lately. She thinks the accidents are suicide attempts, symptoms of a terrible realization that begins to gnaw at him: failure as a husband, a father, a human being.

…….Loman, 63, no longer receives a salary from his company, only commission. He lives in a shabby house on which he still owes money. Bills for appliance repairs are piling up. He frequently borrows money from his neighbor Charley, a successful businessman, even though he doesn’t like Charley and sometimes ridicules him. Willy’s son Biff is a 34-year-old ne’er-do-well who has recently returned home from the West after failing to make his mark. His other son, Hap, 32, has a steady job, his own apartment, and a way with women. But he lacks the push and derring-do to rise above mediocrity. Nevertheless, Hap has big ideas for business ventures that he and his brother can look into now that they are together again.
…….In high school, Biff was a star football player–the pride of the Loman household–earning an athletic scholarship to the University of Virginia. But he lost it after failing a high-school math test.
…….Tired and irritable after his motor trip, Willy complains to Linda about repair bills and about Biff. Nothing seems to work, he says, slamming a fist on the kitchen table–not the refrigerator, not the car, not Biff. But although Willy ridicules Biff one moment, calling him a lazy bum, he praises him the next, saying he has what it takes to succeed in the business world.
…….Meanwhile upstairs, Hap–pleased that Biff has returned home–reminisces with his brother about their high-school days and proposes plans for business ventures. Biff, who has worked many jobs and says he once herded cattle, announces he may try to get a job selling sporting goods for Bill Oliver, for whom he worked years before in a local store.
…….Downstairs again, Willy begins hallucinating. He sees himself in the back yard of the Loman house, years ago, with his sons. Willy laughs when Biff tells him that he stole a football from a locker room. It was all good fun; it was what spirited young men do. The future is as bright as the sun that shines down on them as they play catch and Willy tells Biff that he will be a successful businessman someday, more successful than their neighbor, Charley, who owns his own business and enjoys respect even though, as Willy says, he is “liked, but not well liked.” Willy boasts about his own success: On the road selling his products, he says, everybody recognizes and esteems him; he has even met the mayor of Providence, Rhode Island.
…….During the hallucination, Charley’s son, Bernard, comes by and reminds Willy that Biff should be studying for his math test. Passing it will assure his entry into the University of Virginia on a scholarship. Willy dismisses Bernard as a pest; Willy’s son, a star athlete, cannot be bothered with such trivialities as math. Being able to throw a football–being able to meet the mayor of Providence–those are the things that count. Like his father, Willy says, Bernard is “liked, but not well liked.”
…….Willy also hallucinates from time to time throughout the play about his late older brother Ben, who made a fortune in African diamond mines. Ben is the man Willy has always wanted to be. Willy returns to reality momentarily, bemoaning his present state of affairs, and Linda–ever a supporting pillar–comforts him, saying people esteem him and his sons respect him. He then slips back into an illusion, seeing himself in a Boston hotel room with a woman with whom he is having an affair. (These lapses enable playwright Miller to reveal not only Willy’s disturbed state of mind but also the secrets of his past.) He also sees Bernard again, who warns Willy that Biff is breaking the law by driving without a license and that he is jeopardizing his future by not studying for his math test. The woman in the hotel room then speaks to Willy, and he again returns to reality and shouts at Linda, this time defending Biff.
…….When they hear their father ranting, Biff and Hap go downstairs. Willy and Biff argue, make up, then argue some more. Linda does her best to pacify them. Every time she interrupts the conversation to promote an armistice, Willy scolds her. Eventually, everyone makes peace and goes to bed.
…….Willy’s problems continue to worsen. After Linda pleads with him to ask his boss, Howard Wagner, to station him in New York so he no longer has to go on tiring road trips, Willy broaches the idea to Wagner, saying that he’s too old to travel anymore and that he’s willing to accept a modest salary. Wagner not only refuses to grant the request, but he also fires Willy.
…….Meanwhile, Biff, who has agreed to ask Bill Oliver for a job, fails even to get an interview with Oliver. In a bar where Biff, Hap, and Willy are to have dinner, Biff first lies to his father about his latest failure, then admits he did not see Bill Oliver. They argue. To pacify Willy, Biff says he has an appointment with Oliver the next day.
…….Biff and Hap then leave with women they met before Willy arrived–Miss Forsythe and Letta. Willy goes to the restroom and hallucinates again about the woman in the hotel room. Here is the scene he relives:

A persistent knock at the door of the hotel room unnerves Willy, and he orders the woman into the bathroom to hide. The door opens and Biff presents himself, informing his dad that he has traveled all the way to Boston to tell him that he failed math with a 61 and his teacher won’t give him the extra four points needed to pass and to graduate. He begs his father to talk to the teacher.
…….“You’re on,” Willy says. “We’ll drive right back.”
…….Biff says the teacher doesn’t like him because one day Biff imitated him in class by speaking with a lisp and crossing his eyes. They both laugh raucously. Unfortunately for Willy, the woman in the bathroom laughs too, and she comes out. Biff, shocked, begins to weep. Willy says, “She’s nothing to me, Biff. I was lonely, I was terribly lonely.”
…….Deeply disappointed in his father, Biff calls him a liar and a fake.

The scene shifts back to the bar. When a waiter named Stanley calls out to Willy, Willy awakens from his hallucination and comes out of the restroom assisted by Stanley, who tells him that his sons have left with the two women. Willy gives Stanley dollar, saying, “You’re a good boy.” Stanley refuses the money, but Willy throws out more bills.
…….“I don’t need it anymore,” he says. Willy asks directions to a store that sells gardens seeds. After Stanley gives directions to a hardware store, he stuffs the money in Willy’s coat pocket after Willy turns around to leave.
…….When Biff and Hap arrive home, Hap gives his mother flowers and tells her he and Biff was out with two girls. She angrily knocks the flowers to the floor and says, “Don’t you care whether he [Willy] lives or dies?”
…….She then orders them out of the house. “I don’t want you tormenting him anymore,” she says.
…….But Biff insists on seeing his father, now in the back yard planting seeds. After going out to the garden, Biff tells Willy he is leaving never to return. They go inside and Biff asks to shake his father’s hand. Willy refuses and says, “May you rot in hell if you leave this house!” They argue violently. However, still holding out hopes for Biff, Willy says, “The door of your life is wide open!” Biff says, “Pop, I’m a dime a dozen, and so are you! . . . I am not a leader of men, Willy, and neither are you.”
Biff breaks down and hugs his father, and Willy says, “Isn’t that remarkable? Biff–he loves me!” Linda and Hap both assure Willy that his observation is true. Everyone goes to bed except Willy, who tells Linda he will come upstairs in two minutes. Moments later, there is the sound of a car starting up and driving off.
…….There is a crash. Willy dies..At the funeral, Hap says Willy “did not die in vain. He had a good dream. It’s the only dream you can have–to come out number-one man.” Linda says, “Willy, I can’t cry. It seems to me that you’re just on another trip . . . . I made the last payment on the house today. And there’ll be nobody home.”

  1. Conflict

Willy Loman, like so many other American men of the last century, is in conflict with society, his family, and himself. In his struggle to compete in materialistic America, he comes up short; society beats him down. In his effort to communicate with his son Biff and mold him into a success, he fails. In a war with his own inner self, he refuses to accept what he is–ordinary, average, unremarkable. Ultimately, Willy’s inner and outer conflicts destroy him.

  1. Climax

…….The climax occurs when Biff, who well  knows his own and his father’s limitations, tells Willy, “Pop, I’m a dime a dozen, and so are you! . . . I am not a leader of men, Willy, and neither are you.”

3.  Settings

…….The action takes place at Willy Loman’s house in the New York City area, as well as other New York locales, and in a hotel room in Boston. Some of the action takes place in flashbacks while Willy hallucinates.

4.  Language style


Miller used many motifs and repeated ideas through the play to give the viewers an idea of what Willy and his situation is all about.  Personal attractiveness is an oft repeated motif.  It shows that Willy believes that personal attractiveness makes one successful, but his belief is shot down by the success of Charley and Bernard who, in his mind, are not personally attractive

5.  Conclusion


  • The moral value of the story

We must to hard work and always to pray because with that everything will be happened, in every time and every place.

  • Kind of The Story

This story is classified as “man vs. society”, because the conflict arises because of Willy cannot be proper father for his family and as a man in his society he is failed.


In Experience on April 9, 2011 by Vella


NIM    : A320080013

Class   : A


The professor, somewhere excessively polite between fifty and he is sixty years of age.

The girl pupil, polite but lively gay she is eighteen years old.

The maid, red-faced , between forty-five and fifty.



The professor: emotional, very timid

The girl pupil: polite, dynamic, lively.

The maid: strong, stout


Setting of place and time

The setting of place from This book is in paris, in the office of the proffesor which also serves in the office of the old proffesor. The setting of the time is at june 1950.


Point of view

The lesson a drama comic presents the story in third-person point of view. Using the “third person”, the author point to all character and positioning them as third person


Plot structure

Conflict: : turbulence between the mind and soul professor. when doing something professors do not realize it.

Climax: when the professor is explaining about the knife suddenly professor unwittingly have killed the student, and professor realized when the student has been killed.

Conclusion: turned out to young students were murdered professors to forty.



In this comic just using subject, verb, and some modifiers.


Psychopat and Inner turmoil.


from this comic is relation between man and society because in this comic there are interaction between profesor, pupil, and maid.



My First Posting

In Experience on March 9, 2011 by Vella

vella ariskaHello All…

Hemm.. well, this is my first posting. Introduce, my name is Vella Ariska. I’m a student Muhammadiyah Univercity of surakarta on English Departement.

Actually, this is my first experience with blogging. I’m so proud with this, i can do it so well. Here I can share more and more about what i know to you all. My life, my experience, knowledge, english and many more.

Hehe.. 😀 I don’t know what i wanna write more. I think it’s enough for introduced myself. If you wanna know me more just leave a comment.

Thanks so much and… have a lovely day to all of you. 😉